Archive for the ‘Union of South American Nations’ Category

7 Nov
2010

Regional Integration in Latin America: Dawn of an Alternative to Neo-liberalism

At the turn of the century, it seemed inevitable that regional integration in Latin America would occur under the rubric of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and US hegemony. But 2005—the year the FTAA was to have been launched—has come and gone, and the whole FTAA project is in tatters. This article will examine two regional integration initiatives, which have emerged in its wake—the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA). Both represent a challenge to US-led integration. However, the Venezuelan-centered ALBA is potentially a much more radical challenge to neo-liberalism than the Braziliancentered

7 Nov
2010

REGIONAL ENERGY INTEGRATION LOOKS DISTANT BUT COULD BE CRUCIAL

Energy integration still looks distant, but could become essential to improving the region’s geopolitical position internationally

7 Nov
2010

REGIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

Geographically discriminatory trade policy is the defining characteristic of a regional integration agreement (RIA). Traditionally three types of RIAs are distinguished. A free trade area (FTA) is an RIA formed by removing tariffs on trade among nations that are FTA members without changing tariffs on imports from non-members. A customs union (CU) is an FTA where members’ tariff structures on the extra-CU trade are equalized. A common market (CM) permits free movement of factors as well as goods and services between states

7 Nov
2010

¿QUÉ SE GANA CON UNA UNION SUDAMERICANA?

Hay muchos motivos para promover una integración, primero económica y luego política, de los países del área. Debo decir que yo siempre he estado a favor de ella, por motivos ideológicos y culturales, para superar lo que en el fondo son provincialismos nacionales. También me inspiraba el ejemplo de los Estados Unidos, que federaron a trece colonias bien distintas en sus estructuras sociales. Y más recientemente, está la Unión Europea, desde hace mucho patrocinada por dirigentes con más sentido histórico que preocupación por los pesos y los centavos. Pero los pesos y los centavos deben ser tenidos en cuenta, pues sin ellos el edificio no se puede construir.

7 Nov
2010

Procesos de integración regional en defensa: ¿Consejo Sudamericano de Defensa -UNASUR- Un nuevo intento?

This article discusses the historical efforts for regional integration, suggesting the establishment of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) from the perspective of the South American Defence Council (CSD). The hypothesis is that any attempt at regional integration in the area of security and defence cannot be achieved without a consoli¬dated State at individual country level, an acceptable integration of infrastructure in the region, and an pre-existing adequate level of political integration. The process will benefit if the units involved in the integration are more homo¬genous and more closely related through different political projects in infrastructures and energy

7 Nov
2010

Por la Unión del Sur

Hoy hemos puesto punto final y cerrado un ciclo. Hoy, por fin, hemos enterrado 10 años de un perverso proceso que llamaron apertura petrolera”, aseveró el presidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, en un acto de Plena Soberanía Petrolera, alusivo a la Nacionalización de la Faja Petrolífera del Orinoco y de los Convenios de Exploración a Riesgo y Ganancias Compartidas, efectuado el 1ero de Mayo, en el Complejo Criogénico José Antonio Anzoátegui, ubicado en el oriente venezolano

5 Nov
2010

ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF THE SOUTH AMERICAN COMMUNITY F NATIONS: FROM TRADE TO SECURITY CONCERNS

There are three periods of initiatives for integrating the Americas since the end of the Cold War. The first period began with the US move that led to the US-Canada Free Trade Agreement and to NAFTA. In South America, Brazil and Argentina were dealing with their problems of security celebrating bi-national agreements of cooperation in sensitive areas such as nuclear technology. The Initiative for the Americas by former President George Bush was the most important action of this first moment and it represented a daring proposition from the US perspective to deal once and for all with the issue of hemispheric integration

5 Nov
2010

Monetary Regionalism, Regional Integration without Financial Crisis

The financial crises of the late 1990s have marked a watershed for the global economy and for regionalism. Prior to these crises, deregulation and liberalisation, in particular of financial markets, enjoyed widespread support. On the other hand, regional integration was aimed at improving conditions for regional trade and was based on Bela Balassa’s forty year old theory of regional integration. At the beginning of the 21st century, the theoretical approach to regional integration will have to be a different one. Regionalism will have to offer enhanced protection against financial crises, whereas trade liberalisation in an era of rapid trade liberalisation both offers fewer benefits and may be too complicated to implement due to high administrative costs associated in particular with free trade areas. The aim of this paper is to provide a theoretical framework for the emerging new monetary regionalism. Regions that wish to strengthen their co-operation in monetary and financial affairs today have the option of regionalism without trade agreements. East Asia is the most likely candidate for the implementation of monetary regionalism, also because East Asian policy makers continue to be frustrated with the lack of progress in the IMF’s reform process

5 Nov
2010

Los nuevos proyectos de integración regional vigentes en América Latina, la alternativa bolivariana para nuestra América y la comunidad sudamericana de naciones

The present work is focused on approaching the origin, the principles and the course of action of two new proposals of regional integration in Latin America: the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (BAA) and the Southern Community of Nations (SCN). On our humble point of view, we identify a kind of specific autonomy in each process of integration. We aim at proving that the BAA would suit the “secessionist autonomy” whereas the latter project, the SCN, could suit the “relational autonomy”

Follow Me!

Follow Me! Follow Me! Follow Me! Follow Me!