Archive for July, 2010

14 Jul
2010

Es Obama Peor que Bush en Casos de Inmigración?

Este artículo tiene dos objetivos. Primero, es nuestro deseo ilustrar brevemente como las políticas migratorias de Obama son peores que las de Bush. Segundo, para contribuir a la solución del problema migratorio, ofrecemos cinco sugerencia que esperamos sirvan para ganar el apoyo para una reforma migratoria al menos de un segmento de la sociedad y de algunos republicanos en el Congreso. Reconocemos que las sugerencias son amplias y algunas no tienen precedentes, sin embargo, creemos que es hora de tratar algo nuevo especialmente ahora que las protestas y huelgas de hambre ya no tienen el mismo efecto de antes.
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14 Jul
2010

Historia de un inmigrante sin voz ni identidad en un día de protesta

Los pájaros con su alegre cantar daban la bienvenida a un nuevo día, pero aquel inmigrante cuya identidad es desconocida no parecía disfrutar la belleza del amanecer. Su pálido rostro revelaba desesperanza, sus ojos húmedos hablaban de tristeza, su silencio no aculataba el dolor, y sus pies arrastraban un sueño moribundo. El sueño de una reforma migratoria se pedía ese día, por tal razón aquel hombre decidió romper el silencio y salir de la sombra para unirse a los suyos, y pedir: respeto a los inmigrantes, derecho al trabajo, y una oportunidad para alcanzar sus sueños.

14 Jul
2010

Rise in Hate Crimes Linked to Rigid Immigration Policy

In the absence of federal immigration reform which would allow undocumented immigrants to gain legal status, local politicians in Long Island and Arizona have not only tolerated hate crimes but also promoted policies which harm undocumented immigrants. These actions, combined with popular discontent about economic and demographic changes in the country, have increased the number of hate crimes against Hispanics. This article demonstrates such increase, and argues that immigration reform is needed to reduce the current climate of violence and impunity.

13 Jul
2010

Immigration into the European Union: Since the signing of the Amsterdam Treaty in 1999 to the present

There are a few approaches that provide us with insights to explain the patterns of migration flows. First, economic theory considers migration to be a reaction to labor markets and economic incentives. Second, cultural theories predict that migration flows will occur according to the central periphery pattern. And third, social net-work analysis assumes that immigrants follow already established migration networks.

13 Jul
2010

An immigrant’s perspective on immigration reform

By now I assume that most Americans know what is happening in Washington DC concerning the issue of illegal immigration. I assume that a big percentage of these people have something to say about illegal workers. I know that some hate us more than they did before, while millions of others have thankfully shown us their support. We thank you for your actions, your support is extremely important.

13 Jul
2010

Promoting the Creation of a Union of South American Nations

The consolidation of UNASUR will be a challenging and time consuming process. After all, South American leaders are attempting to integrate 67% of Latin America which is two times the size of the United States. Successful UNASUR consolidation would integrate the world’s fourth largest population, 361 million people, and the world’s foremost food producer and exporter. Successful consolidation would integrate the world’s fifth ranking power with a GDP of 973 billion U.S. dollars. While this is a daunting endeavor, the benefits of an integrated South America, including regional stability and the overall improvement to the well-being of its citizens, make it a venture well worth pursuing.

13 Jul
2010

Improving Security in UNASUR

The internal stability of the European Union (EU) was one of the factors that permitted its member-states to concentrate on trade and monetary integration before attempting to integrate their defense departments. The Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), however, cannot follow in the EU’s footsteps. In South America, the internal socio-political instability of the Andean countries, and to some extent the threat that the Colombian narco-guerrillas represents to the region, make a simultaneous trade and defense integration approach necessary. Integrating defense among UNASUR member-states can have a positive effect in the region. It could improve stability and security in South America as countries work collectively to confront domestic and regional problems.

13 Jul
2010

The Quest For Supranational Institutions: Developing A Single Currency

When it comes to dealing with the creation of a single currency, the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) is far less advanced than the European Community (EC) was at the time of its transition to a monetary union. It was only after the EC economies were deeply integrated and supranational bodies were independent from national governments that the European leaders began to consider the potential of a single currency among the member-states. On the other hand, South American leaders are already talking about creating a regional currency despite UNASUR’s Constitutive Treaty not having been ratified and that the region has yet to form a true common market. These and other differences between the European Union (EU) and UNASUR, make the creation of a single currency challenging for South American governments. Yet, despite the many obstacles that South American leaders may encounter, the economic benefits of a regional currency will far outweigh any drawbacks.

13 Jul
2010

Infrastructure Projects for Trade and Energy Integration in South America

The last attempt to form a union began in 2000 during the first South American Summit in Brasilia. Eight years later, the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) was officially created. South American leaders did not wait for the official creation of UNASUR to begin promoting infrastructure; they began without hesitation at the 2000 Brasilia summit. Therefore, through the analysis of the infrastructure projects already under construction, I will argue that UNASUR’s economy will improve as the cooperative initiatives for infrastructure promotion will increase regional and international trade and further integrate the region.

13 Jul
2010

Brief History of the European and South American Integration

Nearly sixty years have passed since the French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman proposed the idea of integrating the coal and steel industries in Western Europe. As a result of Schuman’s idea, Belgium, West Germany, Luxemburg, France, Italy and the Netherlands signed the Paris Treaty in 1951. This treaty formed the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and created a supranational body called the “High Authority.” This body was the executive branch of the ECSC and was independent from the national governments. The success of the ECSC led the abovementioned six countries to sign the Treaty of Rome in 1957, which created the European Economic Community (EEC). The EEC further integrated the countries by partially creating a common market and establishing a common external tariff for all products coming from third-party countries. The Treaty of Rome also established the European Atomic Energy Community (EUROTOM), which laid the foundation necessary for developing a strong nuclear industry. Ten years later, the three European organizations merged and formed one Commission, one Council of Ministers, and the European Parliament (EP).

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